School improvement has been a main concern for presidents, governors, and other state policymakers for the past twenty years. As a result of this movement, there have been numerous accomplishments; nevertheless, major challenges continue to linger. One such challenge is the reading achievement gap between African American students and their European American counterparts. (National Center for Education Statistics, 2007). This article provides a definition of the achievement gap, instructional efforts classroom teachers can utilize to help close the achievement gap, and how school guidance counselors can help African American students increase reading performance, thus helping to close the achievement gap.