Success for All is a comprehensive reform model that uses cooperative learning, tutoring, family support services, and extensive professional development to help high-poverty schools succeed with their students. This article reviews research on Success for All with African American students, focusing on evidence that Success for All reduces the achievement gap between African American and White students.
In order to examine the relationship between school size and achievement, a study was conducted using longitudinal achievement data from North Carolina for three separate cohorts of public school students (one elementary, one middle and one high school). Results revealed several interactions between size and student characteristics, all of which indicated that the achievement gaps typically existing between certain subgroups (i.e., more versus less-advantaged, lower versus higher-achieving) were larger in larger schools.
This report summarizes the research on the achievement gap between white students and black and Hispanic students; highlights possible remedies for the gap; and suggests an approach that policymakers can use to weigh the various proposals for closing the gap.
Many studies have been conducted on the achievement gap, with most findings pointing to how school and family variables affect Black students’ achievement. Another body of work focuses on how social variables (i.e., peers) impact Black students’ achievement, including how accusations of “acting White” affect the performance of Black students and contribute to the achievement gap. The current descriptive and exploratory study extends this work by examining peer pressure among Black students identified as gifted (n = 166).
School improvement has been a main concern for presidents, governors, and other state policymakers for the past twenty years. As a result of this movement, there have been numerous accomplishments; nevertheless, major challenges continue to linger. One such challenge is the reading achievement gap between African American students and their European American counterparts. (National Center for Education Statistics, 2007).
A critical state-level indicator of progress in public education is student achievement annual performance and change over time. The Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO) has been very active in tracking and reporting on student achievement results and using state assessment scores and other data to analyze achievement trends. A central goal of the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act was to close the gap in student achievement between students from different social and economic backgrounds.
Despite concentrated efforts at improving inferior academic outcomes among disadvantaged students, a substantial achievement gap between the test scores of these students and others remains (Jencks & Phillips, 1998; National Center for Education Statistics, 2000a, 2000b; Valencia & Suzuki, 2000). Existing research used ecological models to document social– emotional factors at multiple levels of influence that undermine academic performance.
In “Checking In: Do Classroom Assignments Reflect Today’s Higher Standards?” assignments analysis conducted by an Ed Trust team of content experts finds that middle grades assignments do not reflect the high-level goals set by new, more rigorous college- and career-ready standards.
School accountability systems have the potential to be a powerful tool to help close the long-standing gaps in achievement that separate low-income students and students of color from their peers. Making Sure All Children Matter breaks down how accountability systems can do this.
REL Midwest received a request for information on evidence-based research/guidance on how to close achievement gaps in middle schools and high schools. This document reflect findings from a search for research reports as well as descriptive and policy-oriented briefs and articles on closing achievement gaps. The search focused on identifying resources that specifically addressed high school and middle school gaps.